TN is located in the south eastern region of India. If we talk about culture of Tamilnadu then you can say Madras state is like home for it. Because it has many characteristic assets for i.e. Classic music, classiscal arts and lirerature too. And It is famous for it’s Hindu temples of Dravidian arvhitecture, hill stations, beach resorts, multi-religious journey locales, and eight UNESCO world heritage sites. Kanyakumari, the southernmost tip of the nation and the voluminous intersection of the Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea is a part of the state.
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UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tamil Nadu:
1. Mahabalipuram: Gathering of Mountaines. Mahabalipuram is a temple town arranged along the shores of the Bay of Bengal. UNESCO world heritage site has the name of the group of the mountaines and these mountaines are devided in 4 categories, and the names are Rock reliefs, Structural temples of Rock, Cave Temples and Rathas.
→Location: Mahabalipuram, Tamilnadu, India
→Built in: 7th and 8th centuries
→Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in: 1984
Shore Temple: Shore Temple is a standing testimonial to the majestic legacy of India. Situated at Mahabalipuram, Shore Temples can without much of a stretch be come to by taking consistent transports or by procuring taxis from anyplace in Tamil Nadu. Attacked by wind and ocean, the sanctuary has seen the verifiable occasions of India. This work of virtuoso was perceived and recorded amongst the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
‘Ratha’ Cave Temple: These “Ratha” sanctuaries of Mahabalipuram are ordinarily called the Pancha Pandava Ratha. These sanctuaries are considered pioneer of the Dravidian stone monument period and imprint the purpose of move between the prior custom of rock-cut sanctuaries and the later convention of unattached stone structures. There are really eight Rathas at Mahabalipuram out of which five are named after the five Pandavas of Mahabharata and one after Draupadi. The five rathas that can be seen are Dharmaraja Ratha, Bhima Ratha, Arjuna Ratha, Draupadi Ratha and Nakul Sahadev Ratha.
Rock relief: This is by a wide margin the best representation of old Siva iconography in India.The open reliefs portray numerous divine beings, goddesses and legendary creatures such Kinnara, Gandherya, Apsara, Gana, Naga and Nagini.
Structural Temple: One of Mahabalipuram’s most celebrated attractions is the Shore Temple Complex. The sanctuary is named so as it is situated on seashore. This sanctuary is three sanctuaries, being two little and one expansive, encased inside a two-layered walled consolidated which has pictures of Shiva’s Vahana, Nandi.The fundamental sanctuary is 6—feet high and is improved with models and pictures of Lord Krishna. The other two sanctuaries of the complex are known as Nripatsimha Pallava Vishnugriha and Rajasimhesvara.
2. Great Living Chola Temples: Brihadisvara at Thanjavur, Airavatesvara at Darasuram and Brihadisvara at Gangaikondacholapuram – are three such sanctuaries. Worked amid the eleventh and twelfth hundreds of years by the rulers of the Chola tradition that ruled southern India for over 450 years, the sanctuaries stand in place as an affirmation to the fortune, splendor and craftsmanship of the brilliant period. A stamp from UNESCO just affirms their essentialness.
→Location: Tamilnadu, India
→Built in: 11th and 12th centuries
→Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in: 1987
Brahadeeswarar temple: Brihadeeswara temple is a standout amongst the most old sanctuary, arranged in the city of Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu, India. Thanjavur named after the legendry asura “Tanjan”, is one of the old sanctuaries in India. In antiquated days, Thanjavur known as “The rice dish of Tamil Nadu,” was a critical city to the old Cholas. It was changed by the Cholas from a gathering of towns into a noteworthy sanctuary focus 1000 years back, with the development of the Brihadisvara Temple in the focal point of the city, and the city then developed around it. Thanjavur had the refinement of being particularly built as a religious city with the sanctuary focus most.
Gangaikonda Choleswarar Temple: Gangaikonda Cholapuram Temple is known for its engineering work of virtuoso. It is a situated at Thanjavur (Tanjore) in Tamil Nadu, In the mid eleventh century, the sanctuary got worked by Rajendra Chola, who was the child and successor of Rajaraja Chola. The Shiva Linga in the sanctuary is the greatest in size among the Lingas in Tamilnadu sanctuaries. This is made of a solitary lime stone 200 meters a long way from the sanctum sanctorum and put on ground. Daylight falls on the Nandhi every day thinking about the Linga.An uncommon stone called Chandrakanta stone is introduced under the Linga which has a weird normal for making the sanctum sanctorum cool in summer and warm in winter. Mother Periya Nayaki, as Her extremely name recommends, is 9.5 feet tall standing gloriously.
Airavateswarar Temple: Palaiyarai is old temple city and the Capital of the Cholas. Ruler Raja Kambeera Mamannan, Raja Chola II (1146 A.D. to 1172 A.D) changed his capital from Gangaikonda Cholapuram to Palaiyarai and renamed it as Raja Puram (at present it is Darasuram). There were 1000 Thaligal (temples) in palaiyarai .There were 4 padai veedus (Military Camps) on al the four bearings of the Capital. Thalicherippendirgal were named by the ruler to grow expressive arts particularly music and move in the sanctuary amid celebration events. Lord Raja II developed in his name a wonderful temple called Raja Rajechuram (at present Airavatheeswara) in 1160 A.D. to 1162 A.D. This Raja Rajechuram (Raja Rajeschuram – Tharechuram – Darachuram – Darasurm) got to be Darasuram at present. It is a world legacy landmark secured by UNESCO.
Mythology: Airavatham is an elephant (white in shading) and is a vehicle of Indra. It was reviled by sage Durvasa to lose its sparkling white. Airavatha went to his sanctuary and got its unique shading in the wake of venerating the Lord. Thus the divinity came to known as Airavatheeswara (the defender or the elephant).
Kampahareswarar Temple: The Kampahareswarar Temple is situated in a little town, Thirubuvanam close Kumbakonam. The town is gone to each year by numerous explorers who come to ask at the Kampahareswarar Temple. There are a few temples in the town, yet the Kampahareswarar Temple is the most respected one.
The development of the temple was begun by King Kulothunga at some point in the thirteenth century. The later lords of the Cheran, Chola and the Pandiyan lines finished the work of the temple. It is trusted that the temple was the last sacred spot to have been revamped by the Chola Kings. The temple is devoted to the Hindu God Shiva. The frontal part of the temple has been worked to look like a chariot that stands no less than 120 ft high. The dividers of the chariot and also the temple delineate scenes from the Hindu legendary book, the Ramayana. Consistently a huge number of enthusiasts and voyagers visit the temple to encounter unmistakably the sheer size of the stones that have gone into the working of this grand temple.