Mountain Railways of India

Team FWDI 16 Oct 2023 549 views
Mountain Railways of India

Railway Lines in Mountain - UNESCO World Heritage Sites

The Mountain Railways of India, a testament to human engineering and nature's splendor, weave their way through the majestic Himalayan Mountains. These narrow gauge railways transport passengers into a world where time slows down and breathtaking vistas unfold at every turn. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway takes you on an enchanting journey from the steamy plains of West Bengal to the misty heights of Darjeeling. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway chugs its way up steep slopes covered in lush tea plantations, offering panoramic views of verdant valleys below. The Kalka-Shimla Railway meanders through pine forests and quaint hill stations, affording glimpses of snow-capped peaks that touch the heavens above. These mountain railways are not just modes of transportation; they are gateways to dreams and adventures amidst nature's grandeur.

Railway Lines in Mountain of India 

The Mountain Railways of India refer to several railway lines in India that traverse through hilly or mountainous terrain. These railways are known for their scenic beauty and engineering marvels. There are several Mountain Railways of India that have been recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Here is a list of some of the prominent ones:

List of Mountain Railways of India

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR)

  • Location: West Bengal
  • Year of Inscription: 1999

The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, affectionately called the toy train, weaves its way through the enchanting hills of Darjeeling. This iconic railway is renowned for its narrow gauge track, which adds to its charm and uniqueness. As it chugs along, passengers are treated to breathtaking landscapes that leave them awe-inspired at every turn.

Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR)

  • Location: Tamil Nadu
  • Year of Inscription: 2005

The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, with its awe-inspiring rack-and-pinion system, effortlessly transports travelers from the charming town of Mettupalayam to the captivating hill station of Ooty. As it chugs up the picturesque slopes, this remarkable railway treats passengers to breathtaking vistas of the majestic Nilgiri Hills, infusing their journey with a sense of wonder and tranquility.

Kalka-Shimla Railway

  • Location: Himachal Pradesh
  • Year of Inscription: 2008

The Kalka-Shimla Railway, with its charming route through the majestic Shivalik Mountains, effortlessly connects the towns of Kalka and Shimla. This iconic railway is renowned for its historic stations that hold tales of a bygone era. As you journey through this picturesque route, be prepared to be mesmerized by the breathtaking scenic beauty that unfolds before your eyes.

Kangra Valley Railway

  • Location: Himachal Pradesh
  • Year of Inscription: 2008

The Kangra Valley Railway, a mesmerizing route that winds through the enchanting Kangra Valley, unveils breathtaking vistas of the majestic Dhauladhar Mountains. With its seamless connection between Pathankot and Joginder Nagar, this railway journey offers travelers an unparalleled opportunity to soak in the awe-inspiring beauty of nature's masterpiece while traversing through this picturesque region.

Matheran Hill Railway

  • Location: Maharashtra
  • Year of Inscription: 2008

The Matheran Hill Railway, with its adorable small locomotives and vintage charm, embarks on a whimsical journey from Neral to the enchanting hill station of Matheran. As it chugs along the picturesque route, passengers are treated to awe-inspiring vistas that leave them breathless, creating memories that endure beyond time. 

The DHR Extension to Kurseong

  • Location: West Bengal
  • Year of Inscription: 2005 (Extension of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway)

DHR Extension to Kurseong is an enchanting addition to the renowned Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. Spanning from Darjeeling to Kurseong, this section unveils a mesmerizing tapestry of natural wonders. As the train chugs along the lush green tea plantations and meandering rivers, passengers are treated to panoramic vistas that effortlessly blend with the majestic backdrop of snow-capped mountains. 

 

Best Mountain Railways of India - Multiple Locations and Maps

ID Name and Location State Party Coordinates Property Buffer Zone
944ter-001 Darjeeling Himalayan Railway India    

N26 40 48.00 

E88 27 36.00

5.34 ha 70 ha
944ter-002     Nilgiri Mountain Railway     India    

N11 30 37.00

E76 55 54.00

4.59 ha         500 ha
944ter-003 Kalka Shimla Railway India    

N30 51 8.00

E76 56 15.00    

79.06 ha 74.88 ha


Also Read: Biggest Railway Station in India

Conclusion

The mountain railways in India transcend their primary purpose of transportation, becoming enchanting tourist attractions. They invite passengers to embark on an extraordinary expedition through the country's awe-inspiring landscapes. These railway routes meander through rugged terrains, revealing breathtaking vistas and daring slopes that leave a lasting impression on every traveler fortunate enough to experience them firsthand.

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