Gujarat, the place where there is legends! It is situated on the westernmost side of the nation and privately known as the gems of the western part of India. The state was named on Gujjars who were the leader of this region earlier in 700’s and 800’s. GOing back into the economical state, Gujarat has dependably assumes to play a vital role. The state’s way of life is excessively energetic with Wildlife reserves, hill resorts and brilliant surroundings as endowments.
|Area Rank :||6th|
|Official language :||Gujarati|
|Population Rank :||9th|
|Bordered By :||Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh|
UNESCO World Heritage Site In Gujarat:
1. Rani-ki-Vav (the Queen’s Stepwell): Rani-ki-Vav is one of the finest stepwells delineated the most popular legacies of the antiquated capital city. It was constructed in 1063 and was appointed by rani Udayamati in memory of her spouse King Bhimdevi of the solanki empire. It is the best illustration and is the most elevated watermark of Solanki architecture. In the 1980s, it experienced a cordial reclamation by the Archaeological survey of India, subsequently to make it eve more popular.
→Location: Patan, Gujarat, India
→Built in: 11th Century
→Built By: Queen Udayamati
→Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in: 2014
2. Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park:
Champaner-Pavagadh Archeological Park is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites situated at the foothills of Pavagadh in the magnificent city of Champaner covered by stone walls and comprises various old landmarks. The site is brimming with castles, mosques, tombs, royal palaces, passageways, temples, buildings, military structures, agribusiness structure and the stepwells, built in mid sixteenth century.
→Location: Panchmahal, Gujarat, India
→Built in: 8th: 14th Century
→Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in: 2004
Monuments at Champagne:
Jama Masjid: Jama Masjid is one of the finest mosques situated in Gujarat constructed back in the late 15th century AD. It is a place of great religious importance and presents a mix of both Islamic and Hindu styles of architecture. Pilgrimage from far away places come here to seek blessings from the pir who is buried in the mosque garden.
Kevda Masjid and Cenotaph: The construction of this historical site was started during the rule of Mahmud Begada and is comprised of storeyed petition corridor, angled passageway, minarets, globe-like arches, and narrow stairs.
Nagina Masjid and Cenotaph: Nagina Masjid and Cenotaph is an elusive structure based on a high platform with a front of enlarged open. It consists of three large domes built over the main prayer hall.
Lila Gumbaj ki Masjid: Situated on a high leveled platform featuring a fluted central dome, the Leela Gumbad ki Masjid is one amongst the 114 monuments recorded by the Baroda Heritage Trust.
Sahar ki Masjid: Built closely to the splendid royal enclosure, the site is believed to be the private Masjid of the Sultans with five mehrabs.
Bawaman Mosque: Bawaman Mosque was named after Bawaman, who was the follwer of Sadan Shah. Constructed on a high leveled platform, the mosque is comprises of big domes, minarets, mehrabs, arched entrances and tanks. At present, out of all these structures, some are in ruin condition.
Kamani Masjid: Kamani Masjid got its name on the basis of architectural features of pillared hall with arches.
Ek-Minar Ki Masjid: Built by Bahadur Shah in the mid 1526 to 1536 A.D, Ek-MInar ki Masjid was constructed over a high raised platform.
Panch- Mahuda-Ki Masjid: Constructed on high raised platform, the Panch- Mahuda-Ki Masjid is now in ruin condition with only minarets are visible.
Lakulisa Temple: Dating back in the mid 10th–11th centuries, the Lakulisa Temple is the oldest temple in the regiondevoted to Lakulisa. Presently in ruined condition, the temple boasts Nagara style of architecture.
Jain Temples: Jain Temples of Pavagadh falls under three distinct classes which has their own particular chronicled and religious importance. On the premise of their architectural design, the date of establishment of these temples is though to be the 14th–15th hundreds of years.
Kali Mata Temple: Kalika Mata Temple is amongst the most visited temple found in the region. It is the oldest temple with large fortifications and an open chowk in front and has three idols of goddesses. The temple gives a special treat to eyes with the lighting that done on the special events.
Tombs and mausoleum:
Sakar Khan’s Dargah: Sakar Khan’s Dargah is one of the largest mausoleums located in the old part of Champaner. The mosque is built over a low leveled platform and comprises of large dome, with windows in the frontage.
Sikandar Shan’s Tomb: Constructed in Muslim style of architecture, Sikandar Shah’s Tomb is the tomb of Champaner’s last ruler. The tomb is of extremely straightforward architecture however the sections, plinth base and finial of the vault are intricately cut with flower and geometrical designs.
Fortresses and walls:
The Fortress and walls of Gujarat was built by the leaders of Solanki empire. These stronghold was further invigorated by Khichi Chauhans. Later in 1484, the fortification was caught and renamed by Sultan Mahmud Begadah as Muhammadabad Champaner. In the east of the Citadel, there is Shikari Kot or Hunters’ Fort. The Bada Talao or the Great Lake is alongside the remains of the royal residence.
Fort of Pavagadh and the ruined Hindu and Jain Temples on the top of the Pavagadh Hill:
It was the renowned hindu fortress belongs to Solanki empire followed by Khichi Chauhan.
Three Cells: Built during the time of Mahmud Begada, the building with three cells situated within the fort walls is conjectured.
Walls: There are various enclosure walls remain, for example, those constructed at the time of the stronghold and the fortification. The “Citadel Walls” alludes to the walls of the stronghold. It has four entryways in great condition, which initially were double storied, with spaces for lodging the watch and monitor staff. The “City Walls at the Southeast Corner of the Citadel going up the hills” alludes to the stronghold wall, constructed in ashlar stone brick masonry.
The City Gate, with its two-storey, is in great condition. The huge East and South Bhadra doors of the stronghold constructed by Mahmud Begada are laid out on a rectangular platform and was named after the towns which they confront towards, to be specific the Halol gate toward the east and the Godhra gate toward the south.
Gate No. 1, the Atak gate (with two passages) is arranged toward the west end of the post on the Pavagadh Hill and was built in the thirteenth century.
Gate No. 2, the Budhiya gate (with three passages), covers the western end of the post on the Pavagadh Hill and was likewise built in the early thirteenth century.
Gate No. 3, the Moti door or Sadanshah entryway, alludes to the gate on the Machi level which has four doors. Dating to around the thirteenth century, the Sadan Shah Gate is carved through strong rock above which there are tall dividers and bastions.
Gate No. 4, has huge bastions and cells in the inside. Built in-situ of strong rock, this gate is a piece of the third line of barrier of the stronghold.
Gate No. 5, the Gulan-Bulan gate, was also constructed in the thirteenth century and was necessary to the edge stronghold behind the Sat Manzil.
Gate No. 6, Buland Darwaja, is of thirteenth century vintage, based on the hill close to Makai Kothar, and has solid strongholds on its flanks.
Gate No. 7, the Makai door, is arranged in the middle of gates 6 and 8. It is comparable in structural style to alternate gates however has a genuine curve, with secure fortresses and bastions flanking it.
Gate No. 8, the Tara pore gate, is the last door of the lower stronghold. It has a curved opening and was at first double storied when implicit the thirteenth century.
Palaces and Pavilions:
There are several royal palaces built in the heritage site which were constructed by many rulers over the period. These palaces are full of gardens, pavilions, fortifications and other architectural designs. The pavilions of Champanar were known as “pleasure pavilions”. Built by Jai Singhh in the earlier 13th centurey, the Patai Rawal’s Palace with a Tank is the last architecture by the Patai Rawal family line of succession. Located on the north bank of Bada Talao near the Khajuri Masjid, the Kabutarkhana Pavilion is another finest example situated in Gujarat.