Rajasthan, is the land of great warriors and legends who sacrifice their lives for the bright future of the state, is situated in the northern district of India. Established on March 30, 1949, the land of Rajasthan is jewel of India. Stacked with castles, sanctuaries, exhibition halls, museums, fortresses, Cenotaphs, gardens, strongholds, frescoes, and other historical monuments, Rajasthan is culturally rich that holds the grandness of past time. The uniquness and wealth of those time are still present in its glorious landmarks, beautiful conventions and traditions.
|Area Rank :||1st|
|Official language :||Hindi and Rajasthani|
|Population Rank :||8th|
|Bordered By :||Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat|
UNESCO World Heritage Site in Rajasthan
1. Hill Forts of Rajasthan: The Hill Forts of Rajasthan tells the story of rich past of Rajasthan history. The stories of Rajasthan’s bravery reflects from these forts. The hill fort of Rajasthan including Chittorgarh Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Ranthambhore Fort, Gagron Fort, Amber Fort and Jaisalmer, are recorded under UNESCO World Heritage Site. A small description on these forts are mentioned below.
→Location: Rajasthan, India
→Built in: 7th – 16th Century
→Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in: 2013
Chittorgarh Fort: Chittorgarh Fort, likewise famous as Chittaur, is one of the legacy hill forts of Rajasthan covering a huge zone of 700 area of land. It is the biggest fortt of Rajasthan situated on a 180 meter high hillock and is a standing sentinel to the strength and valor of Chittorgarh.
→Location: At a distance of 112 Km from Udaipur, on a high hill near the Gambheri River in Chittorgarh, Rajasthan
→Built By: Various Maurya rulers
→Built in: 7th century A.D
→Highlights: Numerous palaces and towers inside the fort
Kumbhalgarh Fort: Kumbhalgarh Fort is popular throughout the world for its magnificent architecture and extraordinary history. Built by Maharana Kumbha in the mid fifteenth century, the fort of Kumbhalgarh is the largest one after Chittorgarh Fort. It is said that a total of 32 forts were planned by Rana Kumbha out of 84 forts and Kumbhalgarh fortification with its great wall of around 38 kms is the greatest one.
→Location: At a distance of 64 Kms in north-west of Udaipur, in Rajasmand district
→Built By: Maharana Kumba
→Built in: 15th Century
→Highlights: Badal Mahal (the Palace of Clouds)
Jaisalmer Fort: Jaisalmer Fort, one of the largest forts in the world. The fort stands proudly amidst the golden stretches of the great Thar Desert. Also known as “Sonar Quilla” or “Golden Fort”, the Jaisalmer Fort is the biggest fort of Rajasthan.
→Location: Jaisalmer, Rajasthan
→Built in: 1156
→Highlights: Architecture, miniatures and Bazaars
Amber Fort: Amber Fort roosted high on the hill is surorunded by grand Aravali Hills and is amongst the most visited forts of Rajasthan. As per the sources, initially the capital of Rajasthan was Amer rather than Jaipur. The stronghold of Amber was built by Raja Man Singh in 1592. The fort is additionally famously called as Amer Palace.
→Location: On Delhi – Jaipur Highway
→Built in: 1592
→Highlights: Wonderful carvings and minute mirror work
→Perfect Time to Visit: October to March
Gagron Fort: Built by Bijaldev of the Parmara dynasty in 1195, the fort of Gangron is the main serial component which represents the type of a hill water fort. The Gagron fort is famous for its natural and strategic location, massive construction and glorious history.
→Location: Jhalawar, Rajasthan
→Built in: 1195 A.D
→Built By: King Bijaldev
Ranthambhore Fort: Ranthambore Fort, is located inside the Ranthambore National Park, is an impressive fortress having been a point of the grang history of Rajasthan. The fortress is perched on a stature of 700 ft on a hill and is known for the grandness and valor of Hammir dev of the Chauhan dynasty.
→Location: lies within the Ranthambhore National Park, near the town of Sawai Madhopur
→Built in: 994 A.D
2. Jantar Mantar: Jantar Mantar, located in the Jaipur city of Rajasthan, is one of the biggest observatories found in India. It is recorded under UNESCO World Heritage Site and houses the world’s biggest sundial. With a collection of nineteen different design and visionary instruments, Jantar Mantar is a astronomical observation site built by Sawai Jai Singh in the mid eighteenth century.
→Location: Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
→Built in: 1727 and 1734
→Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in: 2010
3. Keoladeo National Park: Keoladeo Ghana National Park, also known as Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary, is an artificial wetland situated in the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. It is famous as the heaven for bird watchers as it is amongst the Asia’s finest birding regions. The park is home to over 380 migrant species of birds inlcuding Demoiselle, Siberian Cranes and many other.
→Location: Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India
→Built in: 1981
→Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in: 1985