Darjeeling himalayan railway was the first to be built and run in India and still the most outstanding and speechless amoungst others present in India. This railway line is also known as the “Toy Train” which is around 610 mm narrow gauge railway which runs between New Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling in West Bengal. This railway track was laid and built between 1879 and 1881, which is about 78 kilometres long. This railway line is also listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site.
History - This railway line was constructed by Gillanders Arbuthnot & Co. This railway track from Siliguri to Kurseong was opened in August, 1880. Later in 1881, the official opening of this railway line from Siliguri to Darjeeling was opened on July, 1881. Several engineering adjustment and planning were made just to ease the gradient of the rails. Despite of many natural calamitites like Earthquakes and major cyclone in 1899, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway continued to give its passengers and tourists a good service. During World War II, this railway played a important role in transporting military personnel and supplies to the camps around Ghum and Darjeeling.
Route - This railway line runs along the Hill Cart Road which is same as NH 55. The railway track is laid on the road side. In any case of calamtiy like land slides both the road and the track might be affected. As long and many parts of the road are surrounded with buildings, the railway line sometime resembles of the urban tramway. For the residents and the car drivers, trains are provided with the very load horns.