Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is located the Himalaya foothills in the Assam state of India. Manas National Park or Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a National Park, UNESCO World Heritage Site, a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve in Assam, India. The Park is spread over an area of 2,840 square kilometers. Manas is famous for its population of the Wild water buffalo.
Manas National Park with an area of 360 square kilometers was declared a Sanctuary on October 1, 1928 and got its name from the River Manas. After then in 1973, Manas biosphere was formed. Initially, Manas National Park was a Reserved Forest called Manas Reserve Forest and North Kamrup Reserve Forest and was used as a royal hunting preserve by the Cooch Behar royal family and Maharajah of Gauripur. Later UNESCO declared it as a World Heritage Site in 1985. In 1990, the Manas National Park was formed by adding the Kokilabari Reserve Forest, the Panbari Reserve Forest and the Kahitama Reserve Forest to the sanctuary. Due to terrorist activities and heavy poaching, the UNESCO in 1992 enlisted it as one of the World Heritage Sites in Danger. In 25 February 2008 the area was increased to 950 km².
The park has a vast range of vegetation. About the half of the Park is covered by Grasslands of Terai and Bhabar , the riparian areas have colonizing grasslands and woodlands of several species. The thick woodlands are called Eastern Moist Deciduous Forests of various types. Among the floral pride, the park boasts of presence of different varieties of common trees of Aphanamixis polystachya, Anthocephalus chinensis, Syzygium cumini, Syzygium formosum, Syzygium oblatum, Bauhinia purpurea, Mallotus philippensis, Cinnamomum tamala, Actinodaphne obvata, Bombax ceiba, Sterculia villosa, Dillenia indica, Dillenia etc.
The Manas Wild Life Sanctuary is home to 450 species of birds, 36 reptiles, 55 mammals and three amphibians. The park has Indian Rhinoceros, Asian Elephants, Indian Tigers, Clouded Leopards, Black Panther, Leopards and Asian Golden Cat. Others include Gaurs, Barasingha, Golden Langur, Hoolock Gibbons, Assamese Macaques, Barking Deer etc.
Best time to visit:
Manas National Park is open throughout the year. Best time to visit the park is during the months of November to April.
Visitors are advised to get in touch with officials of the sanctuary for complete information entry timings and fee. Usually the Park remain open in between 05:30 AM to 06:30 PM.
There are several accommodation options around Manas National Park to accommodate outsiders or tourists. Visitors are advised to get in touch with us to get know about accommodation and other facilities along with charges.
By Air: Guwahati airport is 176 km. away.
By Rail: Barpeta Road (40 km.) is the closest railhead to Guwahati. From here, one can continue onto Manas by road. Barpeta Road also serves as the sanctuary headquarters.
By Road: Manas is accessible from Guwahati (176 km.), Kaziranga (403 km.), Darjeeling (466 km.), Shillong (287 km.) and Siliguri (386 km.)