Periyar National Park is located in Thekkady, around 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) from Kumili in the Idukki district of central Kerala, South India. The Park is spread over an area of 925 square kilometers. Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is considered as the most protected area for the elephants and the tigers. The National Park is situated right at the heart of Pandalam Hills and Cardamom Hills of Southern Western Ghats.
Periyar National Park was consolidated as a wildlife sanctuary in 1950. In 1978, the sanctuary was included to be known as the Project Tiger and was renamed as Periyar Tiger Reserve. Earlier, the reserve was the hunting ground of the Travancore kings, which is today the part of most of the Southern Kerala. In 1899, the area was declared as a forest reserve with an intention of protecting the hunting areas of the kings from the encroachment of tea plantations. In 1992, the reserve also became a part of Project Elephant.
Periyar National Parkis densely populated with a number of trees and shrubs. It has a rich variety of different species of plants and vegetation. It has around 49 species of mammals, 246 species of birds, 28 species of reptiles, 8 species of amphibians, 22 species of fishes and 112 species of butterflies.
Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is most protected area for elephants and Tigers. Apart from Elephants and Tigers a numerous species of mammals, reptiles and other animals can be found in the Park like Wild Pigs, Sambar, Gaur, Mouse Deer, Dole or Barking Deer, Indian Wild Dog. According to Forest department, it is said that there are a totao number of 40 Tigers are residing in the Park.
Best time to visit:
Periayr National Park is open throughout the year. November to February is the best time to visit the park.
Timings and Fee:
Visitors are advised to get in touch with officials of the sanctuary for complete information entry timings and fee.
There are several accommodation options around Periyar National Park to accommodate outsiders or tourists. Visitors are advised to get in touch with us to get know about accommodation and other facilities along with charges.
Air: Kochi (Cochin) at 200 km or Madurai in Tamil Nadu at 140 km are the nearest airports from Periyar.
Rail: Kottayam at 114 km is the nearest railhead from Periyar.
Road: Kumily, the nearest town from Periyar is well served by both state and private buses from Kottayam, Ernakulam and Madurai in Tamil Nadu.